Home » Glossary Contact Us  |  Log In  |  Checkout  | 

Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

This is a list of terms used to describe our collection of vintage costume jewelry and antique costume jewelry including pins, brooches, earrings, necklaces, flappers, chokers, bibs, bangles, bracelets, cuffs, cufflinks, belts, sets and parures.

ALUMILITE
Aluminum alloy used to make very light costume jewelry. Process has been used widely in Germany.

ART DECO
Art Deco jewelry is characterized by linear designs and is dated to the 1910-1920 period

ART GLASS
Glass beads made of handblown glass. Art glass beads have a variety cof colors and shapes.

ART NOUVEAU
Art Nouveau jewelry is characterized by whimsical flowing designs and is dated to the 1895-1910 period.

ARTICULATED
large pendant made of several jointed parts holding together with o rings.

AURORA BOREALIS (or AB) finish
Iridescent finish applied to glass or plastic stones and beads.

Back to Top

BAKELITE
Bakelite was manufactured using and carbolic acid, and is no longer produced due to environmental issues. This makes Bakelite jewelry highly collectible. Usually pieces display big, chunk and colorful designs.

BANGLE
A rigid bracelet. can be oval, round or square in shape.

BAR
Long and narrow pin.

BAROQUE
Baroque pearls, beads or stones have an irregular shape. Baroque pearls can be natural or faux.

BELT
A band of leather, metal or fabric used to accessorize a garment, Worn around the waist.

BEZEL SETTING
Early stone setting which is soldered tight around a stone. It takes the shape of the stone circumference.

BIB
Short necklace composed of multiple layers or dangles.

BOHO
Bohemian look in jewelry or clothing.

BOOKCHAIN
Style of chain popular in the Victorian era. Made of links that resemble little books.

BRASS
A yellow alloy made primarily of copper and zinc. Achieves tarnish look overtime.

BRUSHED
Refers to the surface metal which has been gently abraded.

BUCKLE
A clasp used to secure the ends of a belt together. Usually ornate, it is considered a clothing accessory.

Back to Top

CABOCHON
A stone with a smoothly polished surface.

CAMEO
Displays the above the surface relief carving in shell, stone, glass or ceramic. It is the opposite of intaglio carving which is done under the surface of the material. A reverse cameo is carved on the back of the material and into it.

CAMPHOR GLASS
The pendant that looks like glass sun rays - it looks like it could be camphor glass and from the first half of the 20th century.

CANNETILLE
Decorative work made of silver of gold wire with metal beads in a coil shape. This method of metal working made the amount of metal go a long way. Reference to the dainty embroidery method.

CELLULOID
Early and inexpensive plastic material developed in 1869.

CHANDELIER
Long pendant or earrings with a great deal of movement. made of several layers or branches that move freely.

CHARM
Small decorative pendant worn on a charm bracelet.

CHATELAINE
A pin or brooch that holds one or several charms. Originated in the Victorian times.

CHATON
Faceted stone with a round shape and reflective metal foil backing.

CHEVRON
necklace with a V shape.

CHICKLET GLASS STONES
Square milk glass beads. They are a slightly glossy chalk white, with rounded tops and pointed backs, and might make lovely bases for decoupage or glass painting.

CHOKER
Short necklace worn around the throat.

CLAMPER
Hinged bangle.

COCKTAIL
Formal look for special evening events. Refers mostly to rings.

COLLAR
Flat necklace worn at the base of the neck.

CONFETTI
Refers to transparent plastic jewelry that contains glittery confetti scattered inside.

CUFF OR CUFFLINKS
Decorative fastener to hold together the cuffs on a shirt or dress.

Back to Top

DAMASCENE JEWELRY
Old method of decorating iron, steel or bronze with silver or gold inlays. Originated in Damascus. Most of today’s Damascene jewelry was made in Spain or Japan.

DENTELLE
Molded stones with a cut and polished table - it is not really a "cut" per se. The stones were made in West Germany. Star like shape.

DOMED
Refers to the construction of pins and brooches. vaulted design.

DOORKNOCKER
Earrings or pendant with a doorknocker look have a hinged part just like a doorknocker ornament on a door.

DRESS CLIP
A brooch that uses a hinged clip or two-pronged pin to fasten the article to women’s’ clothing. Popular during the 1930s and 1940s.

DUETTE
Construction that holds two pins together. The pins can be worn individually or together.

Back to Top

EGYPTIAN REVIVAL
Jewelry that employs elements of design from the ancient Egypt.

ELOXAL
Oxidation method to obtain surface patterns on alumilite jewelry.

EMBOSSED
A design pressed into a metal sheet. Used widely on brass jewelry.

ENAMEL
Decorative glass layer baked on the metal.

ETRUSCAN JEWELRY
Ornate Design originated in Etruria (current Tuscany), characterized by embellishing with tiny metal beads.

EVIL EYE BEADS
Usually in the form of a single eye image set in a blue background, evil eye beads have a long history of protecting the bearer from jealous and greedy gazes.

Back to Top

FAIENCE BEAD
Faience refers to an ancient manmade material used to make jewelry by the ancient Egyptians.

FESTOON NECKLACE
Necklace with chain suspended in a loop or curve between two points.

FIGURAL JEWELRY
Whimsical jewelry depicting animals, objects, legendary characters such as mermaids, cherubs etc.

FILIGREE
Delicate, lacelike ornamental work of intertwined wire of usually gold or silver.

FINDINGS
Metal parts used in the process of jewelry making. Examples are clasps, hooks, earring clips and post.

FLAPPER
Long one string necklace popular during the 1920s.

FLOWER POWER
Pin or brooch style from the 1960s and 1970s. Design is of large colorful enameled flowers.

FLUER DE LIS
French for lily flower. The symbol defines rebirth, rejuvenation and is commonly found in heraldic jewelry.

FOB
A short chain attached to a watch with an ornament at the other end. Originated during the Victorian times.

FOILED STONE
A stone with silver or gold colored metallic foil backing to enhance brilliance. Dead stones are associated with moisture damaged foil.

FORBIDDEN FRUIT
1950s clear lucite fruit shaped jewelry embedded with rhinestones.

FRUIT SALAD JEWELRY
Generic term for colorful molded glass jewelry.

Back to Top

GF
Also known as "rolled gold", "gold overlay". Process to enrich base metal jewelry.

GIVRE
Term refers to a glass stone or bead made of transparent glass fused around a translucent core. It means “frost” in French.

GOOFUS GLASS
The same as painted intaglio

GRADUATED NECKLACE
Necklace made of various size beads, larger size beads located in the front of the necklace and smaller size beads located towards the back of the necklace.

GRANULATION
Refers to Etruscan designs. Granulation was the art of decorating smooth surfaces of gold jewelry with patterns composed of tiny granules of gold.

GUILLOCHE
Enamel applied on a metal with a surface pattern of lines and bands.

Back to Top

HAMMERED METAL
Surface been worked with the metalworker’s hammer to crate crater shaped.

HERALDIC
Heraldic jewelry or emblem jewelry displays designs depicted on a shield.

HOOP
Earrings in the shape of a circle

Back to Top

INTAGLIO
See cameo. Relief carved into the surface of the material.

IVORY
Material from the tusks of elephants, walruses.

Back to Top

JAPANNED JEWELRY
The metal is covered entirely back with a black enamel.

JELLY BELLY
Refers to figural jewelry that displays clear lucite cabochons as “belly”. Originally jelly belly jewelry was made of sterling silver.

JET BLACK
Black glass.. Not to be confused with Victorian jet black, which is a light weight stone used in Victorian mourning jewelry.

Back to Top

LABRADORITE
Gemstone that changes color

LARIAT
Lariat a rope used to picket grazing animals. Necklace with such shape.

LOCKET
Ornamental hinged pendant that holds a photo, strand of hair etc and worn o a chain or necklace.

LUCITE
Transparent or translucent thermoplastic acrylic resin patented in 1941 by the Dupont company.

Back to Top

MABE PEARL
Large cultured pearl in a hemispherical shape.

MACHINE AGE
The Machine Age is a techno-utopian artistic and stylistic period which roughly lasted from 1918 until 1940.

MALACHITE
Dark green gemstone.

MARBLED GLASS
Glass that is white or variously colored and sometimes streaked or mottled.

MARCASITE
Mineral with the same chemical composition as pyrite (fool’s gold). The faceted stones are used in sterling silver jewelry.

MARGARITA
Perfectly flat or semi flat faceted beads usually made of crystal. Sometimes they wear a rhinestone on top.

MENUKI small ornamental shakudo pieces crafted for swords to assist with the swordsman’s grip.

MESH
Flexible netting of fine wire.

MICROMOSAIC JEWELRY
Jewelry made of tiny tesserae (small colorful tiles of glass).

MILK GLASS
Translucent or nearly opaque white or colored glass.

MILLEFIORI
Means “thousand flowers” in Italian. Millefiori glass is produced by fusing numerous glass rods of various colors and diameters to form a floral pattern when the bundle is cut and displayed in cross section.

MODERNIST
The original era of Modern art jewelry 1930s- 1960s. Other designers and manufacturers of jewelry embraced the look in the following decades.

MOONGLOW
Moonglow lucite a popular from of lucite with a glowing effect.

MOTTLED
Refers to glass or plastic or gemstone with a spotted or blotched appearance in different shades or colors.

MOURNING
Victorian jewelry designed to represent a memento of a lost one. Such jewelry was done in dark colors mostly black with austere designs.

Back to Top

OPAL GLASS
Glass that imitates opal through the use of foil.

OPENCUT
The metal is not soiled but has an open cut design in it.

OPERA LENGTH NECKLACE
A single pearl strand necklace between 30" to 35" in length. Can be worn single layered or double layered.

Back to Top

PARURE
Word originates in the old French and means to adorn. A parure is a set of matching items such as necklace, bracelet, brooch and earrings. Demi-Parure is a partial parure.

PASTE STONE
Glass stone with a high lead content. Created to imitate real gemstones.

PATE DE VERRE
Glass paste in French. Kiln casting involving the application and firing of glass paste to a mold; the end product is hollow.

PATINA
Tarnish of the metal surface generally due to oxidation. In the case of silver jewelry it is often desirable.

PEWTER
Pewter is a tin-based metal alloyed with varying amounts of other metals such as lead, antimony, bismuth, copper or zinc to make it stronger.

POISON RING
A poison ring is a ring with a hinged top and a hidden chamber for storing poison or other substances.

PRINCESS LENGTH NECKLACE
A single pearl strand necklace 18" in length.

Back to Top

REPOUSSE
Method of ornamentation of metal in relief by pressing or hammering on the reverse side, Widely used in the Art Nouveau era.

REVERSE CARVED LUCITE JEWELRY
Patterns are carved and then painted on the reverse of the lucite .

RHINESTONE
Rhinestones are artificial clear or colored stones made of glass, rock crystal or acrylic.

RIVOLI
Multifaceted glass stone with a pointed top. First used by the Swarovski company.

RONDELLE
Circular jewel bead made of two metal circular discs with small chanel set rhinestones in between them.

Back to Top

SAUTOIR
A long necklace (longer than opera length) that has a tassel or pendant at each end. It is leisurely knotted in front.

SCATTER PINS
Small pins worn in groups of two or more.

SCREWBACK
Earringsfinding that does not require pierced ears. It attaches itself to the earlobe through the use of a screw.

SCRIMSHAW
Delicate, fine, very detailed surface ink carving on animal bone.

SHAKUDO
Japanese name for a 4% Gold and 96% copper alloy. It has a beautiful dark blue-purple patina.

SHOULDER DUSTER
Very long earrings that brush the shoulders.

SPUN SILVER
Jewelry made of very fine silver wire that is spun into specific designs.

SUGAR BEADS
Beads coated with small grains of plastic or glass that look like granulated sugar. Sugar beads were originated in Japan in early 1900s.

Back to Top

TASSEL
A bunch of chain sections held together by a metal cap.

THERMOSET
Plastic that ages with heat. Jewelry embellished with thermoset plastic.

TIERED
Layered design. Usually refers to brooches and earrings.

TORSADE
Necklace made of a multitude of strands. It can be twisted like a rope.

TORTOISE
Turtle shell. Or the color and appearance of turtle shell when referring to plastic materials..

TREMBLER
Mostly commonly referred to as trembler pins (or brooches) which have a component set on a spring and is therefore able to move a bit.

Back to Top

VENETIAN GLASS BEADS
Superb quality glass beads made in or near Venice, especially on the island of Murano. Also called Murano glass.

VICTORIAN JET BLACK
Black, light weight stone used in Victorian mourning jewelry. Not to be confused with black glass (sometimes called jet black glass) which is much heavier than jet black.

VICTORIAN REVIVAL
Style made to resemble the original Victorian jewelry. Embraced by many jewelry designers during several decades.

Back to Top

WATERMELON or TOURMALINE STONE
A multicolored glass stone displaying the colors of a rainbow.

WEDDING CAKE BEADS
Lampworked beads decorated with intricate overlaid swirls, dots and ribbons of glass. The manufacturing method originated in Italy.

WINGBACK
Earrings findings for women with pierced ears. Wingbacks have an unusual 2-part wire setting in back. There is a t-bar shaped piece that fits inside the ear, resting on the top of the lobe. The upward-facing single wire fits securely behind the lobe and holding the earring in place. Earrings are usually stamped WINGBACK on the wire.

WREATH
A ring or circle design used mostly for pins and brooches.

Back to Top

Continue

Designers
RMS Jewels
 
Security Guaranteed
 
  Advanced Search
  — Vintage Costume Jewelry
  Antique and Estate Jewelry
  Privacy Statement
  Shipping
  About Us
  Contact Us
 
We carry Vintage and Antique Jewelry, Estate Jewelry, Mens Jewelry, both fine and costume as well as Vintage Accessories. Enjoy browsing through our large collection of vintage earrings, bracelets, brooches, necklaces, sets and rings.
 
 
 
RMS Jewels
 
Connect with RMS Jewels Connect with RMS Jewels Connect with RMS Jewels
Add  to Facebook   Add  to Twitter   Add  to StumbleUpon   Add  to Pinterest  
 
Phone: (864) 707-5310
 
Our collections include vintage jewelry and antique jewelry such as brooches, necklaces, chokers, flappers, bracelets, bangles, cuffs, earrings, sets, cufflinks by designers such as Art, Bogoff, Ciner, Carnegie, Coro, Denicola, DeMario, Florenza, Goldette, Har, Hobe, Hollycraft, Haskell, KJL, Kramer, Krementz, Lanvin, Lisner, Jomaz, Juliana, Marvella, Monet, Renoir, Robert, Sarah Coventry, Schiaparelli, Schreiner, Selro, Swoboda, Trifari, Warner, Weiss and more. In our store you will find Victorian, Art Deco, Art Nouveau, Modernist, Egyptian Revival and Christmas costume jewelry made of celluloid, lucite, bakelite, crystals, rhinestones, glass, sterling, pewter, copper, brass, wood, jade, pearls, ivory, enamel, and porcelain.
 
Copyright © 2018 RMSjewels